Child’s curiosity to discover new opportunities to encourage motor development. So we can tell if a child does not develop intelligence skills, his motor skills won’t developed. In this table, we can see the normal motor development of children from birth to the age of 3.

AGE

POSITION ON THE STOMACH POSITION ON THE BACK

REFLEXES

Infant The joints are very bent, especially hips and knees, the bottom is in the air.
The head is leaning on his face, and turn to one side.
The arms are bent at the elbows and set to the body sides, hands are softly closed, and the thumbs are next to or out of them.
The child stretched out and bent arms and legs, and is calmer than he lies on the back.
The head is turned to one side. The spine is bent.
Hands are slightly spread and bent at the elbows.
Hands are closed with thumbs in or out of them.
The legs are bent at the hips and knees.
In this position, the child is very lively, extending and bending arms and legs.
The Moro reflex, Grasp reflex, Sucking reflex, The rooting reflex, Pullback reflex, Babinski sign, Walking/stepping reflex, The swimming reflex
1.month Large joints still bent.
Raises head and lean on the arm.
Hand soft bent with the thumbs outside.
Most children can focus on the object in front of their eyes.
The “fencing reflex” (the head is turned to one side, the arm is stretched out to the side, hand opened, thumb out, and legs stretched out. The leg and hand at the other side are bent.)
The child can follow an object in a radius of 90 °.
The Moro reflex, Grasp reflex, Sucking reflex, Babinski sign, Walking/stepping reflex, The swimming reflex
2.months Large joints still bent.
Raises head and lean on the hand.
A hand softly open with the thumbs outside.
Most children can focus on the object in front of their eyes.
The child is playing with his own hands, in this way begins to develop hand-eye coordination and hand-mouth coordination.
The child can follow an object in a radius of 180 °.
The Moro reflex, grasp reflex, Sucking reflex, Babinski sign, Walking/stepping reflex, The swimming reflex
3.months Raises head and shoulders, lean on his elbows.
The child can rotate the head freely.
It develops hand-eye coordination.
Lifted feet from the ground, hips and knees bent at right angles.
The child starts to catch toys.
The Moro reflex, grasp reflex, Sucking reflex, Babinski sign, Walking/stepping reflex, The swimming reflex
4.months The child can transfer the balance from the elbow to elbow when he wants to reach the object while relying on the pelvis and knee on the opposite side.
The child toys immediately put in his mouth.
The child catches toys from the mid-body to the outside, cannot cross the midline of the body. The Moro reflex, grasp reflex, Sucking reflex, Babinski sign, Walking/stepping reflex, The swimming reflex
5.months The child raised by leaning on the palms.
If you put him something under the arm, the child can rotate and remove the object.
The child leans on his stomach and lifted arms and legs as if he swims.
The child can move toys from hand to hand.
The child expands the image of himself by touching genitals and knees.
The child turns to the side to catch toys.
Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex
6.months The child gets up on his hands, supporting almost on his thighs.
The child can turn over on his back and on his stomach.
In a seated position, the child leans on extended hands (as a front defensive reaction).
The child can hold toys with both hands.
Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex
7.months The child can turn over on his back.
The child starts to crawl leaning on his elbow.
When the child is in the position on all fours, he can swing forward – backward.
The child sits without support.
The child development pinch (first thumb and index finger, and then the other fingers). Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex
8.months The child starts crawling. He can sit by himself.
The child relies on the surface next to the body with his hand, side-defensive reaction.
Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex
9.months The child moves by crawling. The child is playing in a sitting position.
It develops back defensive reaction.
The child adds a toy to another person.
Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex

 

10.months The child can stand with support.
He puts the cubes in a large box.
The child releases the toy to take other interesting toys.
Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex
11.months The child relies on the hands and feet on the ground.
The child plays with a ball.
Put cubes into the appropriate holes in the box.
Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex
12.months

The appearance of the first independent steps.
The child builds a tower of 2-3 cubes.
The child actively participates with bathing and dressing activities.
The child can put in and out toys from the box.

Grasp reflex, The swimming reflex

 

13 – 15.months

The child can walk independently, often changing direction, he gets up without support.
While he is playing a child kneeling on the floor.
The child can climb the stairs with leaning on his hands and feet.
The child can hold a spoon and it.
A child can turn the pages in a picture book.

18.months The child can climb a stair hold on the wall with his hand.
The child can hit the ball.
The child can run with frequent falls.
2. years

The child can go up and down on stairs.
The child can jump, dance, draws, eating without help and climbs on the furniture.

3. years The child can stand and jump on one leg and ride a tricycle.
The child can put his clothes on by himself.

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